# What are Agriculture Bills?
Three Bills on agriculture reforms – The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020; The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020 and The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020 – were introduced in the Parliament on September 14 to replace the ordinances issued during the lockdown. Recently the President gave his assent on September 27 to the three contentious agriculture Bills that were earlier passed by the Parliament.
1.) The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 – permits intra-state and inter-state trade of farmers’ produce beyond the physical premises of Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC), market yards (mandis) and other markets notified under state APMC Acts. Circular
2.) The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020 – An Act to provide for a national framework on farming agreements that protects and empowers farmers to engage with agri-business firms, processors, wholesalers, exporters or large retailers for farm services and sale of future farming produce at a mutually agreed remunerative price framework in a fair and transparent manner and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. Circular
3.) Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020 – allows the central government to regulate the supply of certain food items only under extraordinary circumstances (such as war and famine). Stock limits may be imposed on agricultural produce only if there is a steep price rise. Circular
# Why the Farmers Protest Going on Against the Three Bills on Agriculture Reform?
The three Ordinances aim to increase the availability of buyers for farmers’ produce, by allowing them to trade freely without any license or stock limit, so that an increase in competition among them results in better prices for farmers. Ordinances aim to liberalize trade and increase the number of buyers. It is a fact that Provisions of this reformation will override all State APMC laws but with no loss for farmers. There are many reasons farmers are protesting against this reform, but here we will share few myths rolling over it-
Farmer’s land will be in the hands of capitalists according to agreement and contract (Not True)
The bills are anti-farmer without any protection to them (Not True)
Now the mandis will end because farmers can now sell anyone, anywhere and the market for small farmers will be finished. (Not True)
Bills are a conspiracy to phase out the safety net of Minimum Support Price (MSP) for farmers. (Not True)
Big companies will exploit small farmers in the name of contracts. (Not True)
It will be a big loss to small farmers and an advantage to big corporates. (Not True)
# Know the Facts & Benefits of Agricultural bill
- The bill clearly prohibits sale, lease or mortgage of Farmer’s land. Agreement will be for crops not for land.
- These bills will build a better path for farmers. Farmers can now sell their crops to anyone, anywhere and can earn more profits by joining with big companies
- This is not the end of mandi’s, Market system will continue as before.
- The bills are not going to affect the minimum support price (MSP). The MSP system will continue as before.
- The contract agreement will guarantee the farmers to get the fixed price. Farmer can withdraw from the contract at any point without any penalty.
- It is not a loss to farmers, Now it’s time for Small farmers to get benefit from technology and equipment with guaranteed profits.
The reformation of agriculture bill was done In favour of Farmers and their good, this is the fight of farmers for their rights and benefits. Stay tuned with us for more updates.
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